Artificial Intelligence is a growing field of computer science that deals with making computers act like humans, it is important in any task that requires intellectual ability, image recognition in photographs is an example of artificial intelligence.
When we take a close look at smart cameras, these are cameras that can carry out advanced tasks way above taking photographs and recording videos. They have built in intelligent image processing and pattern recognition algorithms that give them the ability to detect faces and bio-metric data. They can also detect motion, take object measurement, read vehicle number plates and even recognize human behavior.
A smart camera is smart because it has capabilities associated with intelligence, in other words, it has artificial intelligence. A typical smart camera performs application specific information processing (ASIP), the essence is to not only provide quality images for viewing but to understand and describe what is happening in the images to make better decisions based on those images. A smart camera has a special image-processing unit, which contains one or more high performance microprocessors.
Smart cameras in the home are now very prevalent. With less than $200 you can purchase a very good quality camera that will sync to your phone so you can watch anywhere at any time, and even have the ability to record whenever there is motion detected.
These cameras have been getting smaller and better with time, and soon we may even see pin-sized cameras that can be essentially invisible to both intruders and welcomed guests. If these cameras can be integrated with smart speakers and some kind of AI program, we may end up living in a world where computer intelligence is watching and listening at all times, both at home and in public.
The integration with AI
One of the key features of a typical smart camera is facial recognition, which is an aspect of artificial intelligence that deals with the capability of the system to identify or verify from a digital image. It does this by comparing selected facial features from the image and database.
Smart cameras can be powered over the Ethernet network, which saves money, and increases reliability of the network. They offer alarm management, image enhancement, licence plate detection. These are all artificial intelligence features. A smart camera gets more details when in use for security purpose like a network camera.
Smart cameras have a technology that helps detect the appropriate scene between several possible types and gets the best result. The demand for smart cameras will be on the increase especially for use in surveillance, even in education, entertainment and healthcare.
Smart cameras will offer more functionality going forward with further research. Its application in the areas of medical imaging, robotics, games and toys has enhanced its diversity. It also performs gesture recognition.
Smart cameras are used in transport systems as well, for vehicle tracking system and real-time behavior recognition system for traffic. This will be useful in ensuring traffic rule compliance. They are used in intelligent video surveillance systems for image segmentation by motion detection. We can say a camera is an extension of the human eye; smart cameras are going across the boundary lines of possibilities to become extensions of the human brain.
The intelligent and application-specific information-processing algorithm is what makes a camera “smart”. This algorithm is built into the software architecture of the smart camera, which is basically what artificial intelligence is about.
One of the latest applications of smart cameras that will be coming to the market as soon this year will be facial recognition and image detection by body-worn cameras of police officers; this application could then be stationary in cameras all over the city, watching as everyone walks by, enhanced by deep learning algorithms which get better with time. This software application could be used in many devices both public and private, and the notion that AI is constantly watching and listening will be commonplace, and not even thought of.
Whether this is a good thing or bad is up to us to decide, we would have increased safety being traded in for less control and more government surveillance, but is this really a choice or inevitable? If a crime is committed in front of a smart camera and smart speaker, is it justified to retrieve that information for the sake of solving the crime or is that invasion of privacy? These are questions we will soon have to answer as the internet of things revolution crawls its way into every aspect of our lives and smart cameras become more prevalent than humans.